Anastasia Ivleeva 20 year-old Other Spatial Scientist Duane Breyfogle from Gravenhurst, has pastimes such as belly dancing, beer and creating a house. Has these days concluded a travel to Gondwana Rainforests of Australia.

Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4

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About Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4

In an age when mapping apps are commonplace, you may think traditional map reading an dated skill. But if you enjoy hiking, camping, exploring the wilderness, and supplementary outdoor activities, a good road or Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 can be your best friend.

Real maps are reliable. Unlike cell phones and GPS devices, there are no signals to lose or batteries to tweak gone a paper mapyou can trust that they’ll get you where you dependence to go. This guide will introduce you to the basic elements of a map.

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Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 1 | 

Where is Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4

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Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 2 | 

The map of Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 at the top of this page shows the continent and parts of global world. It presents the continent in the form of a Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection. It views the Earth from a point located directly above 212 degrees south latitude and 167 degrees east longitude. It is what you would see from a satellite located immediately above that point and high enough above the Earth to see the entire map area. It is made by projecting all points on Earth’s surface up to the satellite and recording them on a horizontal plane that is tangent to Earth’ssurface directly below the satellite. This type of projection best preserves the relative size and area of features on Earth’s surface.

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Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 3 |

How to read Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4

How to entre a Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4?, my fellow hiker muttered as he twisted and turned the map this habit and that. We hadnt long started our hike in The Burren. In fact, we had without help just left the car. It didnt fill me once confidence that his map-reading skills werent in the works to scratch, especially past we were going far afield off the beaten track.

Its secure to say that we didnt get too at a loose end that day but, because of this, Ive decided to write a tiny lead on how to entrance a map properly.

Step 1  Choose The Perfect Type Of Map

There are every second types of maps to pick from. You desire to be certain that you have the right one for your purpose. A tourist sightseeing map will be of no use to you if youre in the superior parts of the West Highland Way. below is a quick list of the types of maps and the situations that theyre useful for.

Topographic Map

Knowing how to right of entry a map, especially topographic, is the most important matter for hikers. It shows detailed recommendation more or less the terrain, roads, points of concentration and distances.

Road Map

Road maps are a great adjunct to bring upon a road trip. Theyre no question useful if youre going upon a GPS-free trip, however they get often require a passenger to be your map-reader.

Tourist Map

A tourist map is useful for city breaks. They generally achievement the attractions and points of inclusion nearly a city. They are usually open in tourist offices or in lobbies of hotels and hostels.

Choose The Right Scale


The right scale of a map definitely much depends upon what your aspire is. Well focus on topographic maps, as this is normally where the scale is important. The most common scale to use while hiking is 1:50,000. This means that for all centimetre upon the map, there are 50,000 centimetres (or 500 metres) in genuine life.

Maps are damage occurring into grids, bearing in mind each box of the grid measuring 2 centimetres. That means for every full bin upon the map, it covers 1 kilometre in genuine life. This is useful for quick estimation of distances at a glance.


More detailed maps have a scale of 1:25,000 (1 centimetre = 250 metres). Therefore, each box grid on a map covers 500 metres in genuine life.

These more detailed maps ham it up features such as trees and rocks upon the ground.

Is the Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 still working ?

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Europakarte Zum Ausdrucken A4 4 |

Paper maps are the lonesome maps that are useful gone there is no electricity available. You can door them by sunlight. At night, a flare or candle makes enough light to read by. You can use magnifying glasses to contact tiny type. They dont take going on much aerate and are easy to carry.

Paper maps contain a north arrow that lets you orient it to compass points, which you can find with a magnetic compass. The date,sources,best use and the cartographer are included along later than a legend that identifies symbols.

During any nice of disaster, in the same way as utilities can stop working, paper maps are methodically important.

How To Utilize It!

Point Your Map North

To tapering off your map north, place your compass flat on your map, pointing towards the top, and rotate yourself until the compass needle points north. Simple!

Find Your Location On The Map

Identifying your surroundings and relating them help to your map is the most important issue next bothersome to find your position. You usually wont know your perfect grid reference starting out, appropriately a good idea is to start at a grid insinuation that you pull off know.

If you began in a town or village and drove to the start of the hike, subsequently start there upon your map and re-trace your steps. similar to youre confident that youre in the precise general area, you can start to look just about for landscape features.

These can be mountains, rivers, walls, spurs, saddles, roads  the list goes on. If you can identify 3 surrounding features in real-life and pinpoint them on your map, you can be quite confident that you have located yourself.

Reading Contour Lines

Contour lines are the little black lines that acceptance roughly the mass map.

Contour lines achievement the height of the land

Each contour extraction on a 1:50,000 scale map represents a rise of 10 metres above sea level. all 5th contour line will be slightly bolder, to make it easily countable bearing in mind youre counting many contours at a time.

The closer the contour lines are together, the steeper the gradient. You can use this guidance to scheme routes upon gentler slopes to ease the complexity of climbing.

Identify Features Of The Landscape


A spur is recognisable in real-life as a feature that slopes downwards upon three sides, and slopes upwards on one. upon a map, it looks gone this:

Contour Lines On A Map Identifying Spurs

The contour lines will point away from the top of the mountain/hill, indicating a spur.


A re-entrant is an indentation in the side of a mountain and can be identified on a map as contour lines pointing next to the natural slant of a mountain. These can as well as be seen in the above example.


A saddle can be seen in real-life as a feature that slopes next to on two sides, and slopes happening on two sides.

A saddle slopes going on on two sides and slopes the length of on two sides


The summit of the mountain is the very summit and can be identified on a map by a ring contour, seem in the above example.


Its a useful idea to keep note of your last known location upon the map. This is so you can re-trace your steps should you lose your bearings even though walking. To do this, place your thumb upon your current location upon the map, drop it to your side and forget practically it.

Next mature you see at your map, your thumb will still be upon your last location and you can then undertaking out where you are currently.

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Anastasia Ivleeva 20 year-old Other Spatial Scientist Duane Breyfogle from Gravenhurst, has pastimes such as belly dancing, beer and creating a house. Has these days concluded a travel to Gondwana Rainforests of Australia.

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