About Europakarte Afrika
In an age afterward mapping apps are commonplace, you may think received map reading an obsolescent skill. But if you enjoy hiking, camping, exploring the wilderness, and further uncovered activities, a fine road or Europakarte Afrika can be your best friend.
Real maps are reliable. Unlike cell phones and GPS devices, there are no signals to lose or batteries to fine-tune in imitation of a paper mapyou can trust that they’ll acquire you where you habit to go. This guide will introduce you to the basic elements of a map.
Europakarte Afrika 1 | worldofmaps.net
Where is Europakarte Afrika
Europakarte Afrika 2 | zdf.de
The map of Europakarte Afrika at the top of this page shows the continent and parts of eart. It presents the continent in the form of a Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection. It views the Earth from a point located directly above 205 degrees south latitude and 103 degrees east longitude. It is what you would see from a satellite located immediately above that point and high enough above the Earth to see the entire map area. It is made by projecting all points on Earth’s surface up to the satellite and recording them on a horizontal plane that is tangent to Earth’ssurface directly below the satellite. This type of projection best preserves the relative size and area of features on Earth’s surface.
Europakarte Afrika 3 | blog.max-fun.de
How to read Europakarte Afrika
Map reading is an no question useful capability for just approximately everybody especially for Europakarte Afrika, whether you are a person who likes hiking outdoors, or just a driver who needs to occasionally see going on a road map. Because geology is a ring based science, geologists not lonesome must know how to admittance specialized topographic and geologic maps, they must often build and pull their own maps based upon their own ground observations. The lab unit upon topographic map remarks will tutor you how to get into and interpret these maps to locate land elevations, interpret topographic contour lines, accomplishment distances, admission longitude and latitude, and find objects and landmarks using the similar coordinate system used by home surveyors and geologists. in the past you can comprehend how to contact a topographic map, you will be introduced to maps in general, including simple hand drawn maps, road maps, globes, mammal support maps, etc., taking into consideration prominence upon what these maps have in common, as skillfully as their differences and limitations.
The simplest and most basic type of map may have just two points or landmarks – let’s call them “Point A” and “Point B.” This simple map shows the estrange and passageway link amongst “A” and “B.” – in new words, it shows you how to acquire from dwindling A to lessening B (or vice versa) and how far and wide it is to travel this path.
The most commonly used map is probably the street map, which is a local map showing boundary lines, streets and roads, landmarks, and usually includes a graphical scale that can be used to calculate map distances amongst points “as the crow flies.”
A globe is the proclaim of a spherical map depicting the entire earth’s surface. Note that while an huge area of land of represented by this type of map, good details are nearly impossible to read.
Physical Map’s Facilitate
Some maps intentionally conduct yourself raised bumps to indicate mountainous or hilly areas. These maps typically show categorically large areas, including entire states or countries on a single map. Note that this type of map exaggerates the vertical dimension (elevation) and is not drawn to the same scale as the horizontal (if this were not true, after that Mt. Rainier in Washington divulge would be 200 miles high instead of approximately 4 miles high!). sustain maps cannot produce an effect much precision, especially in the mountainous areas. They are moreover expensive to build and inconvenient to carry around, in view of that they are usually displayed on walls.
This type of map combines features found in road maps, summative next lines and symbols that pay for us detailed instruction on the topography (changes in elevation of the home surface). These special lines, called topographic contours, are drawn based upon surveying information, and can have the funds for a unquestionably accurate and detailed view of both the vertical (elevational) and horizontal (map) dimensions, all in a convenient, flat, 2-dimensional sheet of paper.
This type of map is a topographic map which furthermore shows the underlying geological structures, rock layers, or stone formations. Geological maps are used to interpret often mysterious geological histories and sequences of endeavors that took place to develop the current landscape. These maps are used by geologists to locate oil & gas, minerals, groundwater, dinosaur skeletons, fossils, etc.
Is the Europakarte Afrika still working ?
Europakarte Afrika 4 | microsoft.com
The advantages of paper maps count up the fact that you dont craving power. therefore if your away from an electricity supply for hours or even days, they can yet be relied on. There are many cases where people have got floating because there phone went dead.
The other huge advantage they have is size. though you can affix happening to a 52 screen. A screen that size isnt portable. If your planning a hiking route and you have to keep comparing one when another, deed it on a paper map is easier because you can have them both upon one map and dont have to switch windows. This is particularly good if several people are making the decision.
How To Utilize It!
Point Your Map North
To narrowing your map north, area your compass flat on your map, pointing towards the top, and swing yourself until the compass needle points north. Simple!
Locate Your Location Upon The Map
Identifying your surroundings and relating them back up to your map is the most important event once trying to find your position. You usually wont know your exact grid mention starting out, as a result a good idea is to start at a grid suggestion that you complete know.
If you began in a town or village and drove to the start of the hike, then begin there upon your map and re-trace your steps. in the same way as youre confident that youre in the precise general area, you can start to look on for landscape features.
These can be mountains, rivers, walls, spurs, saddles, roads the list goes on. If you can identify 3 surrounding features in real-life and pinpoint them upon your map, you can be quite confident that you have located yourself.
Reading Contour Lines
Contour lines are the small black lines that answer approximately the gather together map.
Contour lines accomplish the height above sea level of the land
Each contour descent upon a 1:50,000 scale map represents a rise of 10 metres above sea level. every 5th contour origin will be slightly bolder, to create it easily countable subsequent to youre counting many contours at a time.
The closer the contour lines are together, the steeper the gradient. You can use this assistance to plot routes upon gentler slopes to ease the difficulty of climbing.
Identify Features Of The Landscape
A spur is recognisable in real-life as a feature that slopes downwards upon three sides, and slopes upwards on one. upon a map, it looks afterward this:
Contour Lines On A Map Identifying Spurs
The contour lines will tapering off away from the top of the mountain/hill, indicating a spur.
A re-entrant is an indentation in the side of a mountain and can be identified upon a map as contour lines pointing adjacent to the natural twist of a mountain. These can after that be seen in the above example.
A saddle can be seen in real-life as a feature that slopes by the side of on two sides, and slopes occurring upon two sides.
A saddle slopes up on two sides and slopes all along upon two sides
The top of the mountain is the utterly summit and can be identified upon a map by a ring contour, seem in the above example.
Its a useful idea to save note of your last known location upon the map. This is suitably you can re-trace your steps should you lose your bearings even though walking. To complete this, place your thumb upon your current location upon the map, drop it to your side and forget very nearly it.
Next mature you see at your map, your thumb will still be on your last location and you can next bill out where you are currently.
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